Poets Laureate

The position of Poet Laureate, established in 1937, has been held by
thirty-five Guggenheim Fellows. (The official title was changed in 1985 by an
act of Congress from "Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress" to
"Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry.") Selected each year by the Librarian
of Congress in consultation with the current Laureate, past appointees, and
poetry critics, the Poet Laureate gives an annual lecture and poetry
reading, introduces other poets in the Library's annual poetry series, and
tries in various ways to raise Americans' awareness and appreciation of
poetry.  Although the Poet Laureate has few official duties, five  are
singled out on the Library of Congress website as having put their own stamp
on the position, and four of these are Guggenheim alumni: Joseph Brodsky,
Gwendolyn Brooks, Rita Dove, and Robert Hass.

Allen Tate
1943-44 (1928, 1929)

Robert Penn Warren
1944-45
Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry
1986-87 (1939, 1947)

Louise Bogan
1945-46 (1933)

Karl Shapiro
1946-47 (1944, 1953)

Robert Lowell
1947-48 (1947)

Leonie Adams
1948-49 (1928, 1929)

Elizabeth Bishop
1949-50 (1947, 1978)

Conrad Aiken
1950-52 (1934)

Randall Jarrell
1956-58 (1946)

Howard Nemerov
1963-64, 1988-90 (1968)

Reed Whittemore
1964-65
Interim Appointment
1984-85 [to help Robert Fitzgerald] (1974)

James Dickey
1966-68 (1961)

William Stafford
1970-71 (1966)

Daniel Hoffman
1973-74 (1983)

Stanley Kunitz
1974-76, 2000-01 (1945)

William Meredith
1978-80 (1975)

Anthony Hecht
1982-84 (1954, 1959)

Robert Fitzgerald
1984-85 (1952, 1971)

Gwendolyn Brooks
1985-86 (1946, 1947)

Richard Wilbur
1987-88 (1952, 1963)

Mark Strand
1990-91 (1974)

Joseph Brodsky
1991-92 (1977)

Mona Van Duyn
1991-92 (1972)

Rita Dove
1993-95
Special Bicentennial Consultant
1999-2000 (1983)

Robert Haas
1995-97 (1979)

Robert Pinsky
1997-2000 (1980)

W.S. Merwin
2010-11
Special Bicentennial Consultant
1999-2000 (1973, 1983)

Billy Collins
2001-03 (1993)

Donald Hall
2006-07 (1963, 1972)

Louise Glück
2003-04
Special Bicentennial Consultant
1999-2000 (1975-1987)

Charles Simic
2007-08 (1972)

Kay Ryan
2008-10 (2004)

Philip Levine
2011-   (1973, 1980)

Group map obtained using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the brain regions recruited by face detection and face individuation, superimposed on the brain. Submitted by Michael J. Tarr, 2007, Fellow, appointed to study statistical models of structural visual object recognition in humans. Image provided courtesy of Nestor, Vettell & Tarr, In Press, PLoS ONE.

Albert Maysles, Fellow, 1965, Film. Photograph by Kendall Mesick.