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NATIONAL BOOK AWARDS

Established in 1950, the National Book Awards recognize the best American writers as chosen by panels of prominent writers. Although the number of competition categories has changed over the years (currently awards are given for the best works in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and young people’s literature), the significance of the prize has only increased.  Its list of recipients reads like a Who’s Who of American literature, and of course many Guggenheim Fellows are among those so honored.

  • Fellow
  • Award Date
  • Category
  • Ai
  • 1999
  • Poetry
  • Conrad Aiken, Poetry, 1934_250x250
  • Conrad Aiken
  • 1954
  • Poetry
  • A. R. Ammons
  • 1973
  • Poetry
  • William A. Arrowsmith, Classics, 1956_250x250
  • William A. Arrowsmith
  • 1980
  • Translation
  • Newton Arvin, American Literature, 1935_250x250
  • Newton Arvin
  • 1951
  • Nonfiction
  • John Ashbery, Poetry, 1967, 1973_250x250
  • John Ashbery
  • 1976
  • Poetry
  • W. H. Auden, Poetry, 1942_250x250
  • W. H. Auden
  • 1956
  • Poetry
  • Andrea Barrett
  • 1996
  • Fiction
  • Donald Barthelme_by Mariana Cook_250x250
  • Donald Barthelme
  • 1972
  • Childrens Books
  • Walter J. Bate, English Literature, 1956, 1965_250x250
  • Walter J. Bate
  • 1978
  • Biography and Autobiography
  • Saul Bellow, Fiction, 1948, 1955_250x250
  • Saul Bellow
  • 1954
  • Fiction
  • Saul Bellow, Fiction, 1948, 1955_250x250
  • Saul Bellow
  • 1965
  • Fiction
  • Saul Bellow, Fiction, 1948, 1955_250x250
  • Saul Bellow
  • 1971
  • Fiction
  • A. Scott Berg
  • 1980
  • Biography (Paperback)
  • John Berryman, Biography, 1952, Poetry, 1966_250x250
  • John Berryman
  • 1969
  • Poetry
  • Elizabeth Bishop
  • 1970
  • Poetry
  • Robert Bly 1964_1972_250x250
  • Robert Bly
  • 1968
  • Poetry
  • Kevin Boyle
  • 2004
  • Nonfiction
  • Alan Brinkley
  • 1983
  • History (Hardcover)
  • Hayden Carruth 1965, 1979_250x250
  • Hayden Carruth
  • 1996
  • Poetry
  • Rachel Carson, Biology & Ecology, 1951_250x250
  • Rachel Carson
  • 1952
  • Nonfiction
  • John Casey
  • 1989
  • Fiction
  • John Cheever, Fiction, 1951, 1960_250x250
  • John Cheever
  • 1958
  • Fiction
  • Eleanor Clark
  • 1965
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • John Clive 1957_250x250
  • John Clive
  • 1974
  • Biography
  • John Clive 1957_250x250
  • John Clive
  • 1974
  • History
  • David Brion Davis, 1958_250x250
  • David Brion Davis
  • 1976
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Philip Davis, 1955_250x250
  • Philip Davis
  • 1983
  • Science (Paperback)
  • Richard Beale Davis, American Literature, 1945, 1959_250x250
  • Richard Beale Davis
  • 1979
  • History
  • Douglas T. Day III, Biography, 1975_250x250
  • Douglas T. Day III
  • 1974
  • Biography
  • Don DeLillo
  • 1985
  • Fiction
  • Robb Forman Dew
  • 1982
  • First Novel
  • James Dickey
  • 1966
  • Poetry
  • E. L. Doctorow, Fiction, 1972_250x250
  • E. L. Doctorow
  • 1986
  • Fiction
  • Mark Doty
  • 2008
  • Poetry
  • Rita Dove
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • Alan Dugan, 1963, 1972_250x250
  • Alan Dugan
  • 1962
  • Poetry
  • Alan Dugan, 1963, 1972_250x250
  • Alan Dugan
  • 2001
  • Poetry
  • Leon Edel, American Literature, 1936, 1938, 1965_250x250
  • Leon Edel
  • 1963
  • Nonfiction
  • Joseph J. Ellis
  • 1997
  • Nonfiction
  • Richard Ellmann, 1949, 1957_250x250
  • Richard Ellmann
  • 1960
  • Nonfiction
  • Louise Erdrich
  • 2012
  • Fiction
  • Clayton Eshleman
  • 1979
  • Translation
  • David Ferry
  • 2012
  • Poetry
  • Frances FitzGerald
  • 1973
  • Comtemporary Affairs
  • James Thomas Flexner, Fine Arts Research, 1953, 1980_250x250
  • James Thomas Flexner
  • 1973
  • Biography
  • Paula Fox
  • 1983
  • Childrens Books (Fiction, Paperback)
  • Jonathan Franzen
  • 2001
  • Fiction
  • Thomas L. Friedman
  • 1989
  • Nonfiction
  • Paul Fussell, 1977_250x250
  • Paul Fussell
  • 1976
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • William Gaddis
  • 1976
  • Fiction
  • William Gaddis
  • 1994
  • Fiction
  • Peter Gay, 1966, 1977 250x250
  • Peter Gay
  • 1967
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Allen Ginsberg, 1965_250x250
  • Allen Ginsberg
  • 1974
  • Poetry
  • Peter Gizzi
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • Louise Glück
  • 2014
  • Poetry
  • Annette Gordon-Reed
  • 2008
  • Nonfiction
  • Stephen J. Greenblatt
  • 2011
  • Nonfiction
  • Marilyn Hacker
  • 1975
  • Poetry
  • Donald Hall, 1963, 1972_250x250
  • Donald Hall
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • Adam Haslett
  • 2016
  • History
  • Robert Hass
  • 2007
  • Poetry
  • TerranceHayes_ProfilePhotograph_150x150_byYonaHarvey.original
  • Terrance Hayes
  • 2010
  • Poetry
  • Shirley Hazzard
  • 2003
  • Fiction
  • Larry C. Heinemann
  • 1988
  • Fiction
  • J. Christopher Herold, 1960_250x250
  • J. Christopher Herold
  • 1959
  • Nonfiction
  • Douglas R. Hofstadter
  • 1980
  • Science (Hardcover)
  • Richard Howard
  • 1983
  • Translation
  • Irving Howe, 1964, 1971 -250x250
  • Irving Howe
  • 1977
  • History
  • John Irving
  • 1980
  • Fiction (Paperback)
  • Randall Jarrell
  • 1961
  • Poetry
  • Ha Jin
  • 1999
  • Fiction
  • Charles R. Johnson
  • 1990
  • Fiction
  • Denis Hale Johnson
  • 2007
  • Fiction
  • Winthrop D. Jordan
  • 1969
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Pauline Kael, 1964_250x250
  • Pauline Kael
  • 1974
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Justin Kaplan
  • 1967
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Maxine Hong Kingston
  • 1981
  • General Nonfiction (Hardcover)
  • Galway Kinnell, 1962, 1974_250x250
  • Galway Kinnell
  • 1983
  • Poetry
  • Henry A. Kissinger
  • 1980
  • History (Paperback)
  • Herbert Kohl
  • 1978
  • Childrens Books
  • Jerzy Kosinski
  • 1967
  • Fiction
  • Jonathan Kozol
  • 1968
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • Joseph Wood Krutch
  • 1955
  • Nonfiction
  • Stanley Kunitz
  • 1995
  • Poetry
  • Christopher Lasch
  • 1974
  • Current Interest (Paperback)
  • Philip Levine
  • 1973
  • Poetry
  • Philip Levine
  • 1991
  • Poetry
  • Oscar Lewis 1956, 1962_250x250
  • Oscar Lewis
  • 1967
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • Robert J. Lifton
  • 1969
  • The Sciences
  • BarryLopez_byBruceMacGregor_150x150.original
  • Barry Lopez
  • 1986
  • Nonfiction
  • Robert Lowell,1947_250x250
  • Robert Lowell
  • 1960
  • Poetry
  • J. Anthony Lukas
  • 1985
  • Nonfiction
  • Salvador E. Luria, 1942, 1953, 1963_250x250
  • Salvador E. Luria
  • 1974
  • The Sciences
  • Ralph Manheim
  • 1970
  • Translation
  • Frank E. Manuel, 1957_250x250
  • Frank E. Manuel
  • 1983
  • General Nonfiction (Hardcover)
  • Colum McCann
  • 2009
  • Fiction
  • Cormac McCarthy
  • 1992
  • Fiction
  • David McCullough
  • 1978
  • History
  • David McCullough
  • 1982
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • William Hardy McNeill
  • 1964
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Jane Mead
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • James R. Mellow
  • 1983
  • Autobiography/Biography (Paperback)
  • William Meredith, Poetry, 1975 _250x250
  • William Meredith
  • 1997
  • Poetry
  • W. S. Merwin, Poetry, 1973, 1983 _250x250
  • W. S. Merwin
  • 2005
  • Poetry
  • LydiaMillet_150x150.original
  • Lydia Millet
  • 2012
  • History
  • Marianne Moore
  • 1952
  • Poetry
  • Wright Morris, Photography, 1942, 1946, 1954_250x250
  • Wright Morris
  • 1957
  • History
  • Wright Morris, Photography, 1942, 1946, 1954_250x250
  • Wright Morris
  • 1981
  • Biography
  • Lewis Mumford, Architecture & Design, 1932, 1938, 1956_250x250
  • Lewis Mumford
  • 1962
  • Nonfiction
  • Victor S. Navasky
  • 1982
  • General Nonfiction (Paperback)
  • Gloria Naylor
  • 1983
  • First Novel
  • Howard Nemerov, Poetry, 1968_250x250
  • Howard Nemerov
  • 1978
  • Poetry
  • Howard Nemerov, Poetry, 1968_250x250
  • Howard Nemerov
  • 1978
  • Translation
  • Allan Nevins
  • 1972
  • History
  • Robert Nozick
  • 1975
  • Philosophy & Religion
  • Tim O'Brien
  • 1981
  • Fiction
  • Joyce Carol Oates
  • 1970
  • Fiction
  • Mary Oliver
  • 1980
  • Poetry
  • George Packer
  • 2013
  • Nonfiction
  • Elaine H. Pagels
  • 1980
  • Religion/Inspiration (Hardcover)
  • Abraham Pais, Physics, 1960_250x250
  • Abraham Pais
  • 1983
  • Science (Hardcover)
  • Orlando Patterson
  • 1991
  • Nonfiction
  • Katherine Anne Porter, Fiction, 1931, 1938_250x250
  • Katherine Anne Porter
  • 1966
  • Fiction
  • Peter J. Powell, Anthropology & Cultural Studies, 1971_250x250
  • Peter J. Powell
  • 1982
  • History (Paperback)
  • J. F. Powers, Fiction, 1948_250x250
  • J. F. Powers
  • 1963
  • Fiction
  • Annie Proulx
  • 1993
  • Fiction
  • Gregory Rabassa
  • 1967
  • Translation
  • John Crowe Ransom
  • 1964
  • Poetry
  • Robert V. Remini, U.S. History, 1978 _250x250
  • Robert V. Remini
  • 1984
  • Nonfiction
  • Richard Rhodes
  • 1987
  • Nonfiction
  • Adrienne Rich
  • 1974
  • Poetry
  • Theodore Roethke
  • 1959
  • Poetry
  • Theodore Roethke
  • 1965
  • Poetry
  • Charles Rosen
  • 1972
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Philip Roth
  • 1960
  • Fiction
  • Philip Roth
  • 1995
  • Fiction
  • Norman Rush
  • 1991
  • Fiction
  • Ralph Leslie Rusk, American Literature, 1945_250x250
  • Ralph Leslie Rusk
  • 1950
  • Nonfiction
  • George B. Schaller
  • 1973
  • The Sciences
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., U.S. History, 1946_250x250
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
  • 1966
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., U.S. History, 1946_250x250
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
  • 1979
  • Biography and Autobiography
  • Mary Lee Settle, Fiction, 1957, 1960_250x250
  • Mary Lee Settle
  • 1978
  • Fiction
  • Roger W. Shattuck, French Literature, 1958_250x250
  • Roger W. Shattuck
  • 1975
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Neil Sheehan
  • 1988
  • Nonfiction
  • Susan Sontag
  • 2000
  • Fiction
  • William E. Stafford, Poetry, 1966_250x250
  • William E. Stafford
  • 1963
  • Poetry
  • Francis Steegmuller, French Literature, 1977_250x250
  • Francis Steegmuller
  • 1971
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Francis Steegmuller, French Literature, 1977_250x250
  • Francis Steegmuller
  • 1981
  • Translation
  • Ronald Steel
  • 1982
  • Autobiography/Biography (Paperback)
  • Wallace Stegner, Fiction, 1949, 1952, 1959_250x250
  • Wallace Stegner
  • 1977
  • Fiction
  • GeraldStern_ProfilePhoto_150x150.original
  • Gerald Stern
  • 1998
  • Poetry
  • TJStiles_150x150.original
  • T. J. Stiles
  • 2009
  • Nonfiction
  • Robert A. Stone
  • 1975
  • Fiction
  • Ruth Stone, Poetry, 1971, 1975_250x250
  • Ruth Stone
  • 2002
  • Poetry
  • William A. Swanberg, Biography, 1960_250x250
  • William A. Swanberg
  • 1977
  • Biography and Autobiography
  • Mary_Szybist_by_Joni_Kabana_150x150.original
  • Mary Szybist
  • 2013
  • Poetry
  • James Tate
  • 1994
  • Poetry
  • Christopher Tunnard, Planning, 1950 _250x250
  • Christopher Tunnard
  • 1964
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • John Updike, Fiction, 1959_250x250
  • John Updike
  • 1964
  • History
  • John Updike, Fiction, 1959_250x250
  • John Updike
  • 1982
  • Biography
  • Jean Valentine
  • 2004
  • Poetry
  • Mona Van Duyn, Poetry, 1972_250x250
  • Mona Van Duyn
  • 1971
  • Poetry
  • Alice Walker
  • 1983
  • Biography
  • Aileen Ward, English Literature, 1966_250x250
  • Aileen Ward
  • 1964
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Robert Penn Warren
  • 1958
  • Poetry
  • BradWatson_150x150_by_Katie_Watson.original
  • Brad Watson
  • 2016
  • History
  • William Weaver
  • 1969
  • Translation
  • Eudora Welty Fiction 1942_250x250
  • Eudora Welty
  • 1983
  • Fiction (Paperback)
  • ColsonWhitehead_150x150.original
  • Colson Whitehead
  • 2016
  • History
  • Norbert Wiener, Mathematics, 1926_250x250
  • Norbert Wiener
  • 1965
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • Richard Wilbur, Poetry, 1952, 1963 _250x250
  • Richard Wilbur
  • 1957
  • Poetry
  • John Williams
  • 1973
  • Fiction
  • T. Harry Williams, U.S. History, 1956_250x250
  • T. Harry Williams
  • 1970
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Thomas Williams, Fiction, 1962_250x250
  • Thomas Alonzo Williams
  • 1975
  • Fiction
  • Arthur M. Wilson, Biography, 1939, 1956_250x250
  • Arthur McCandless Wilson
  • 1973
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Robert Wohl
  • 1982
  • General Nonfiction (Hardcover)
  • Charles Wright
  • 1983
  • Poetry
  • Kevin Young
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)