NATIONAL BOOK AWARDS

Established in 1950, the National Book Awards recognize the best American writers as chosen by panels of prominent writers. Although the number of competition categories has changed over the years (currently awards are given for the best works in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and young people’s literature), the significance of the prize has only increased.  Its list of recipients reads like a Who’s Who of American literature, and of course many Guggenheim Fellows are among those so honored.

  • Fellow
  • Award Date
  • Category
  • Conrad Aiken
  • 1954
  • Poetry
  • A. R. Ammons
  • 1973
  • Poetry
  • William A. Arrowsmith
  • 1980
  • Translation
  • Newton Arvin
  • 1951
  • Nonfiction
  • John Ashbery
  • 1976
  • Poetry
  • W. H. Auden
  • 1956
  • Poetry
  • Andrea Barrett
  • 1996
  • Fiction
  • Donald Barthelme
  • 1972
  • Childrens Books
  • Walter J. Bate
  • 1978
  • Biography and Autobiography
  • Saul Bellow
  • 1954
  • Fiction
  • Saul Bellow
  • 1965
  • Fiction
  • Saul Bellow
  • 1971
  • Fiction
  • A. Scott Berg
  • 1980
  • Biography (Paperback)
  • John Berryman
  • 1969
  • Poetry
  • Elizabeth Bishop
  • 1970
  • Poetry
  • Robert Bly
  • 1968
  • Poetry
  • Kevin Boyle
  • 2004
  • Nonfiction
  • Alan Brinkley
  • 1983
  • History (Hardcover)
  • Hayden Carruth
  • 1996
  • Poetry
  • Rachel Carson
  • 1952
  • Nonfiction
  • John Casey
  • 1989
  • Fiction
  • John Cheever
  • 1958
  • Fiction
  • Eleanor Clark
  • 1965
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • John Clive
  • 1974
  • Biography
  • John Clive
  • 1974
  • History
  • David Brion Davis
  • 1976
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Philip Davis
  • 1983
  • Science (Paperback)
  • Richard Beale Davis
  • 1979
  • History
  • Douglas T. Day III
  • 1974
  • Biography
  • Don DeLillo
  • 1985
  • Fiction
  • Robb Forman Dew
  • 1982
  • First Novel
  • James Dickey
  • 1966
  • Poetry
  • E. L. Doctorow
  • 1986
  • Fiction
  • Mark Doty
  • 2008
  • Poetry
  • Rita Dove
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • Alan Dugan
  • 1962
  • Poetry
  • Alan Dugan
  • 2001
  • Poetry
  • Leon Edel
  • 1963
  • Nonfiction
  • Joseph J. Ellis
  • 1997
  • Nonfiction
  • Richard Ellmann
  • 1960
  • Nonfiction
  • Louise Erdrich
  • 2012
  • Fiction
  • Clayton Eshleman
  • 1979
  • Translation
  • David Ferry
  • 2012
  • Poetry
  • Frances FitzGerald
  • 1973
  • Comtemporary Affairs
  • James Thomas Flexner
  • 1973
  • Biography
  • Paula Fox
  • 1983
  • Childrens Books (Fiction, Paperback)
  • Jonathan Franzen
  • 2001
  • Fiction
  • Thomas L. Friedman
  • 1989
  • Nonfiction
  • Paul Fussell
  • 1976
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • William Gaddis
  • 1976
  • Fiction
  • William Gaddis
  • 1994
  • Fiction
  • Peter Gay
  • 1967
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Allen Ginsberg
  • 1974
  • Poetry
  • Peter Gizzi
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • Louise Glück
  • 2014
  • Poetry
  • Annette Gordon-Reed
  • 2008
  • Nonfiction
  • Stephen J. Greenblatt
  • 2011
  • Nonfiction
  • Marilyn Hacker
  • 1975
  • Poetry
  • Donald Hall
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • Adam Haslett
  • 2016
  • History
  • Robert Hass
  • 2007
  • Poetry
  • Terrance Hayes
  • 2010
  • Poetry
  • Shirley Hazzard
  • 2003
  • Fiction
  • Larry C. Heinemann
  • 1988
  • Fiction
  • J. Christopher Herold
  • 1959
  • Nonfiction
  • Douglas R. Hofstadter
  • 1980
  • Science (Hardcover)
  • Richard Howard
  • 1983
  • Translation
  • Irving Howe
  • 1977
  • History
  • John Irving
  • 1980
  • Fiction (Paperback)
  • Randall Jarrell
  • 1961
  • Poetry
  • Ha Jin
  • 1999
  • Fiction
  • Charles R. Johnson
  • 1990
  • Fiction
  • Denis Hale Johnson
  • 2007
  • Fiction
  • Winthrop D. Jordan
  • 1969
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Pauline Kael
  • 1974
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Justin Kaplan
  • 1967
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Maxine Hong Kingston
  • 1981
  • General Nonfiction (Hardcover)
  • Galway Kinnell
  • 1983
  • Poetry
  • Henry A. Kissinger
  • 1980
  • History (Paperback)
  • Herbert Kohl
  • 1978
  • Childrens Books
  • Jerzy Kosinski
  • 1967
  • Fiction
  • Jonathan Kozol
  • 1968
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • Joseph Wood Krutch
  • 1955
  • Nonfiction
  • Stanley Kunitz
  • 1995
  • Poetry
  • Christopher Lasch
  • 1974
  • Current Interest (Paperback)
  • Philip Levine
  • 1973
  • Poetry
  • Philip Levine
  • 1991
  • Poetry
  • Oscar Lewis
  • 1967
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • Robert J. Lifton
  • 1969
  • The Sciences
  • Barry Lopez
  • 1986
  • Nonfiction
  • Robert Lowell
  • 1960
  • Poetry
  • J. Anthony Lukas
  • 1985
  • Nonfiction
  • Salvador E. Luria
  • 1974
  • The Sciences
  • Ralph Manheim
  • 1970
  • Translation
  • Frank E. Manuel
  • 1983
  • General Nonfiction (Hardcover)
  • Colum McCann
  • 2009
  • Fiction
  • Cormac McCarthy
  • 1992
  • Fiction
  • David McCullough
  • 1978
  • History
  • David McCullough
  • 1982
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • William Hardy McNeill
  • 1964
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Jane Mead
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)
  • James R. Mellow
  • 1983
  • Autobiography/Biography (Paperback)
  • William Meredith
  • 1997
  • Poetry
  • W. S. Merwin
  • 2005
  • Poetry
  • Lydia Millet
  • 2012
  • History
  • Marianne Moore
  • 1952
  • Poetry
  • Wright Morris
  • 1957
  • History
  • Wright Morris
  • 1981
  • Biography
  • Lewis Mumford
  • 1962
  • Nonfiction
  • Victor S. Navasky
  • 1982
  • General Nonfiction (Paperback)
  • Gloria Naylor
  • 1983
  • First Novel
  • Howard Nemerov
  • 1978
  • Poetry
  • Howard Nemerov
  • 1978
  • Translation
  • Allan Nevins
  • 1972
  • History
  • Robert Nozick
  • 1975
  • Philosophy & Religion
  • Tim O'Brien
  • 1981
  • Fiction
  • Joyce Carol Oates
  • 1970
  • Fiction
  • Mary Oliver
  • 1980
  • Poetry
  • George Packer
  • 2013
  • Nonfiction
  • Elaine H. Pagels
  • 1980
  • Religion/Inspiration (Hardcover)
  • Abraham Pais
  • 1983
  • Science (Hardcover)
  • Orlando Patterson
  • 1991
  • Nonfiction
  • Katherine Anne Porter
  • 1966
  • Fiction
  • Peter J. Powell
  • 1982
  • History (Paperback)
  • J. F. Powers
  • 1963
  • Fiction
  • Annie Proulx
  • 1993
  • Fiction
  • Gregory Rabassa
  • 1967
  • Translation
  • John Crowe Ransom
  • 1964
  • Poetry
  • Robert V. Remini
  • 1984
  • Nonfiction
  • Richard Rhodes
  • 1987
  • Nonfiction
  • Adrienne Rich
  • 1974
  • Poetry
  • Theodore Roethke
  • 1959
  • Poetry
  • Theodore Roethke
  • 1965
  • Poetry
  • Charles Rosen
  • 1972
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Philip Roth
  • 1960
  • Fiction
  • Philip Roth
  • 1995
  • Fiction
  • Norman Rush
  • 1991
  • Fiction
  • Ralph Leslie Rusk
  • 1950
  • Nonfiction
  • George B. Schaller
  • 1973
  • The Sciences
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
  • 1966
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
  • 1979
  • Biography and Autobiography
  • Mary Lee Settle
  • 1978
  • Fiction
  • Roger W. Shattuck
  • 1975
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Neil Sheehan
  • 1988
  • Nonfiction
  • Susan Sontag
  • 2000
  • Fiction
  • William E. Stafford
  • 1963
  • Poetry
  • Francis Steegmuller
  • 1971
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Francis Steegmuller
  • 1981
  • Translation
  • Ronald Steel
  • 1982
  • Autobiography/Biography (Paperback)
  • Wallace Stegner
  • 1977
  • Fiction
  • Gerald Stern
  • 1998
  • Poetry
  • T. J. Stiles
  • 2009
  • Nonfiction
  • Robert A. Stone
  • 1975
  • Fiction
  • Ruth Stone
  • 2002
  • Poetry
  • William A. Swanberg
  • 1977
  • Biography and Autobiography
  • Mary Szybist
  • 2013
  • Poetry
  • James Tate
  • 1994
  • Poetry
  • Christopher Tunnard
  • 1964
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • John Updike
  • 1964
  • History
  • John Updike
  • 1982
  • Biography
  • Jean Valentine
  • 2004
  • Poetry
  • Mona Van Duyn
  • 1971
  • Poetry
  • Alice Walker
  • 1983
  • Biography
  • Aileen Ward
  • 1964
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Robert Penn Warren
  • 1958
  • Poetry
  • Brad Watson
  • 2016
  • History
  • William Weaver
  • 1969
  • Translation
  • Eudora Welty
  • 1983
  • Fiction (Paperback)
  • Colson Whitehead
  • 2016
  • History
  • Norbert Wiener
  • 1965
  • Science, Philosophy, & Religion (Nonfiction)
  • Richard Wilbur
  • 1957
  • Poetry
  • John Williams
  • 1973
  • Fiction
  • T. Harry Williams
  • 1970
  • History and Biography (Nonfiction)
  • Thomas Alonzo Williams
  • 1975
  • Fiction
  • Arthur McCandless Wilson
  • 1973
  • Arts & Letters (Nonfiction)
  • Robert Wohl
  • 1982
  • General Nonfiction (Hardcover)
  • Charles Wright
  • 1983
  • Poetry
  • Kevin Young
  • 2016
  • Autobiography/Biography (Hardcover)